The history of Okayama University Medical School and Hospital

>The history of Okayama University Medical School and Hospital

Industry and spirit, spinning threads of the future.The tracks of 150 years of the Okayama University Medical School and Hospital.

Syouwa

1939 May The Provisional Special Division of Medicine of Okayama Medical College was established.
July Okayama Medical College Misasa Onsen Sanatorium (Misasa village, Tohaku-gun, Tottori Prefecture) was established.
1943 January Okayama Medical College Misasa Onsen Sanatorium was renamed Okayama Medical College Radioactive Spring Research Center.
1945 June29日 There was a major air raid on Okayama, and most of the wooden buildings within the University were destroyed in fires.
1949 May Okayama Medical College was included in Okayama University in accordance with the National School Establishment Law, and became the Okayama University Medical School.
Misasa Branch Hospital, Konko Branch Hospital, and Honjima Branch Hospital were established in association with the Medical School.
12 medical clinics were established in association with the Medical School (First Internal Medical Clinic, Second Internal Medical Clinic, First Surgical Clinic, Second Surgical Clinic, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dermatology and Urology, Ophthalmology, Otolaryngology, Pediatrics, Psychiatry, Radiology, and Dental)
1952 March The Provisional Special Division of Medicine of Okayama Medical College was discontinued.
1955 April Graduate School of Medicine (Doctor’s Course) was established.
July School of Midwives was established.
1957 April School of X-ray Technology was established.
1958 April Implemented new medical curriculum. (Called the Okayama method. Clinical education of a small number of students.)
1960 April Institute of Cancer Research was established.
1964 April School of Laboratory Technology was established.
1965 April Completed eastern ward of the Medical School Hospital.
1969 April Department of Pharmaceutical Science was established.
Institute of Neurobiology was established.
Completed western ward of the Medical School Hospital.
1970 100th anniversary of the founding of the Okayama University Medical School.
1973 April Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Science was established.
1975 April Department of Pharmaceutical Technology was established.
1976 May Department of Pharmaceutical Science and Department of Pharmaceutical Technology were separated and became independent, and the Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences was established.
1979 October The Dental School was established.
1982 April The University Hospital of Dentistry was established.
1985 April The new Outpatient Building of the Medical School was completed.
1986 April Graduate School of Dentistry (Doctor’s Course) was established.
October The School of Health Sciences was established as an annex.

岡山大学医学部・病院の先人たち

Michitomo Hayashi
Michitomo Hayashi(1885-1973)
Professor, Okayama Medical College (Psychiatry) / Japanese encephalitis research / First dean of Okayama University
Became Professor in Department of Psychiatry at Okayama Medical College in 1924.
He was the first in the world to successfully induce encephalitis in monkeys when Japanese encephalitis was prevalent. He pioneered research into the encephalitis virus. In 1948 he became a lead researcher at the Ministry of Education, and based on biological research, he became a leader in the psychiatric world. The next year he became the first Dean of Okayama University. The row of gingko trees that now line Okayama University Gate avenue commemorate his retirement.
Tomihide Shimizu
Tomihide Shimizu(1889-1958)
Professor, Okayama Medical College (Biochemistry) / Bile acid research / Imperial Academy Memorial Prize recipient / President, Okayama University
He entered Faculty of Medicine, Kyoto University in 1915, becoming a student in the department of medical chemistry of Professor Torasaburo Araki (formerly a professor at the Third Senior High School Medical Faculty in Okayama), and began his research on bile acids. After studying abroad in Germany, he became a professor at Okayama Medical College.
He published a summary of his research results from 1936 to 1937 in “Chemistry and Physiology of Bile Acids.” His research results were evaluated as world-class level, and he received the Imperial Academy Togu Marriage Memorial Prize. He became the President of Okayama Medical College at the age of 51, and later became the second President of Okayama University.
Hideo Yagi
Hideo Yagi(1899-1964)
Professor, Okayama University (Ob-Gyn) / President, Okayama University / Uterine cancer surgery
He is widely known for surgical technique for carcinoma of the cervix uteri, “Extended abdominal hysterectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy - Okabayashi operation. ” In 1934, highly thought of by Professor Okabayashi of Kyoto University, he became a professor at Okayama Medical College. As Okabayashi’s successor Yagi’s name spread worldwide, and the school’s reputation grew as “Okayama University for uterine cancer.” In 1958 he became the third President of Okayama University. He was also the Chairman of the Okayama Cancer Society, and Director of the Kawasaki Cancer Research Center.
桂田 富士郎
Yukiharu Miki (1903-1964)
Doctor of Medicine / Governor of Okayama Prefecture
He entered Okayama Medical College in 1925, and after graduation joined the First Internal Medical Clinic. After that he worked at the Okayama Postal Life Insurance Dispensary. In 1939 he moved to Tokyo, to work at the Insurance Board Postal Life Insurance Bureau. He gained popularity at the Ministry of Health for actions such as making proposals for methods to prevent tuberculosis to help tuberculosis patients, and as expectations for his future developed, he was encouraged to run for prefectural governor by Sukenobu Kawasaki, an ally of Okayama Medical College. He was first elected Governor in 1951. Medical treatments and public well-being were priorities in his administration. He played a central role in the establishment of Asahigawasou.
Graduate
Michihiko Hachiya
Michihiko Hachiya (1903-1980)
He was born in Tomihara, Mitsu-gun, Okayama Prefecture (now Tomihara, Kita-ku, Okayama-shi). He graduated from Okayama Medical College in 1929. He was in Hiroshima on August 6, 1945 and experienced the dropping of the atomic bomb, and was heavily engaged in the medical treatment of atomic bomb victims. He published “Hiroshima Diary,” a detailed record of the 56 days after the bomb was dropped as an internal physician and hospital director.
Graduate
Sukenobu Kawasaki
Sukenobu Kawasaki (1904-1996)
Founded Kawasaki Hospital / Founded Asahigawasou / Founded Kawasaki Medical School / Okayama Prefecture Honorary Prefectural Citizen
He was born in Kagoshima Prefecture. He entered Okayama Medical College in 1927, and after graduation joined the surgical clinic. At the age of 35 he founded the Kawasaki Surgical Hospital, open all hours of the day, all year around. In 1957, he founded the Social Welfare Corporation Asahigawasou, based at Kawasaki Hospital, which he made into a prominent prefectural general hospital. In 1970 he opened the first post-war private medical college, Kawasaki Medical School. He left a major achievements in medical treatments, social welfare, and medical science.
Graduate
Shigeo Takahara
Shigeo Takahara (1908-1994)
Professor at Okayama Medical College (otolaryngology) / Recipient of Japan Academy Prize, Person of Cultural Merits / Discovered Acatalasemia
He was the first graduate of Okayama Medical College to become a professor there in 1946.
Immediately after becoming a professor, he discovered Acatalasemia, caused by insufficient catalase enzyme. That was unthinkably big medical news, and it was recognized by the world in a British journal in 1952. He was selected for the Japan Academy Prize, and as a Person of Cultural Merits for establishing Japan’s first class for the hard of hearing and for discovering Acatalasemia.
Graduate
Dennosuke Jinnai
Dennosuke Jinnai(1912-1988)
Professor at Okayama Medical College (First Surgical Clinic) / Extended radical stomach cancer operation
Became a professor in the Okayama Medical College First Surgical Clinic in 1948. He was a specialist in brain surgery, but his extended radical stomach cancer surgery, preventive purging of lymph nodes developed to improve the cure ratio for stomach cancer was recognized by the academic society. He rose as a young leader with the encouragement of the Japanese Gastric Cancer Association , and in 1962 he became a professor at Osaka University.
He trained anesthesiologists in the American method for surgery, and he built the foundations for establishing anesthesiology and neurosurgery departments at Okayama University.
Kaheii Niimi
Kaheii Niimi(1919-2009)
Professor at Okayama University Medical School / Japan Academy Prize recipient
He was born in Awajishima in 1919. He entered Niigata University School of Medicine, studying under Japan Academy Prize recipient Kou Hiraswa, in the department of anatomy. In 1965, after being at Kyoto University and Tokushima University, he became a professor at Okayama University Medical School. He became seriously engaged in research ion the thalamus. In 1983 he wrote a book explaining the mechanism of the thalamus, “Thalamencephalon.” That was well received, and he received the Japan Academy Prize the following year.
Itsuro Yamanouchi
Itsuro Yamanouchi(1923-1993)
Director, Okayama National Hospital
After graduating from Okayama Medical College, he became director of the Pediatric Section of the Okayama National Hospital (now Okayama Medical Center).
He became engaged in neonatal treatment, and in 1968, the neonatal infant mortality rate in Okayama was the lowest in Japan. Then in 1977 they became the top in Japan in 3 areas by adding infants and perinatal care. They achieved the remarkable accomplishment of being the top in those 3 areas for 3 successive years. The hospital was recognized by WHO as the number 1 “Baby-friendly Hospital” in 1991, recognizing him as a world-class doctor.
Graduate

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